Health risks Mushrooms are classified as vegetables in the food world, but they are not technically plants.
Umbrella-shaped sporophores are found chiefly in the agaric family Agaricaceaemembers of which bear thin, bladelike gills on the undersurface of the cap from which the spores are shed. The sporophore of an agaric consists of a cap pileus and a stalk stipe.
The sporophore emerges from an extensive underground network of threadlike strands mycelium. An example of an agaric is the honey mushroom Armillaria mellea. Mushroom mycelia may live hundreds of years or die in a few months, depending on the available food supply. As long as nourishment is available and temperature and moisture are suitable, a mycelium will produce a new crop of sporophores each year during its fruiting season.
Fruiting bodies of some mushrooms occur in arcs or rings called fairy rings. The mycelium starts from a spore falling in a favourable spot and producing strands hyphae that grow out in all directions, eventually forming a circular mat of underground hyphal threads.
Fruiting bodies, produced near the edge of this mat, may widen the ring for hundreds of years. A few mushrooms belong to the order Boletaleswhich bear pores in an easily detachable layer on the underside of the cap. The agarics and boletes include most of the forms known as mushrooms.
Other groups of fungi, however, are considered to be mushrooms, at least by laymen. Among these are the hydnums or hedgehog mushrooms, which have teeth, spines, or warts on the undersurface of the cap e.
The polypores, shelf fungior bracket fungi order Polyporales have tubes under the cap as in the boletes, but they are not in an easily separable layer. Polypores usually grow on living or dead trees, sometimes as destructive pests.
Many of them renew growth each year and thus produce annual growth layers by which their age can be estimated. The clavarias, or club fungi e. One club fungus, the cauliflower fungus Sparassis crispahas flattened clustered branches that lie close together, giving the appearance of the vegetable cauliflower.
The cantharelloid fungi Cantharellus and its relatives are club- cone- or trumpet-shaped mushroomlike forms with an expanded top bearing coarsely folded ridges along the underside and descending along the stalk. Examples include the highly prized edible chanterelle C.
The morels Morchella, Verpa and false morels or lorchels Gyromitra, Helvella of the phylum Ascomycota are popularly included with the true mushrooms because of their shape and fleshy structure; they resemble a deeply folded or pitted conelike sponge at the top of a hollow stem.
Some are among the most highly prized edible fungi e. Another group of ascomycetes includes the cup fungiwith a cuplike or dishlike fruiting structure, sometimes highly coloured.
Mushrooms are free of cholesterol and contain small amounts of essential amino acids and B vitamins.The Pioppino mushroom (agrocybe aegerita) is an easy to grow mushroom that that thrives on supplemen.. $ Add to Cart Add to Wish List Compare this Product.
Golden Oyster Mushroom Liquid Culture Syringe. Golden Oyster mushrooms (pleurotus . Mushroom: Mushroom, the conspicuous umbrella-shaped fruiting body (sporophore) of certain fungi, typically of the order Agaricales in the phylum Basidiomycota but also of some other groups.
Popularly, the term mushroom is used to identify the edible sporophores; the term toadstool is often reserved for.
We have a long history of handcrafted quality. We use only the freshest ingredients in our kitchens to bring you the best pizza in the universe. Agaricus bisporus dominates the edible mushroom market in North America and Europe, in several forms.
It is an edible basidiomycete mushroom native to grasslands in Europe and North America. As it ages, this mushroom turns from small, white and smooth to Vitamin E: 0%, 0 mg. A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
Mushroom Nutrition. Long celebrated as a superfood source of powerful nutrients, fresh mushrooms are a healthy addition to your plate. Mushrooms provide many of the same nutritional benefits as vegetables, as well as attributes commonly found in meat, beans and grains.