The Industrial Revolution made our lives easier, but did it make them better? The main features involved in the Industrial Revolution were technological, socioeconomic, and cultural.
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Revolution and the growth of industrial society, — Developments in 19th-century Europe are bounded by two great events. The French Revolution broke out inand its effects reverberated throughout much of Europe for many decades.
World War I began in Its inception resulted from many trends in European society, cultureand diplomacy during the late 19th century. In between these boundaries—the one opening a new set of trends, the other bringing long-standing tensions to a head—much of modern Europe was defined.
Europe during this year span was both united and deeply divided. A number of basic cultural trends, including new literary styles and the spread of science, ran through the entire continent. European states were increasingly locked in diplomatic interaction, culminating in continentwide alliance systems after At the same time, this was a century of growing nationalismin which individual states jealously protected their identities and indeed established more rigorous border controls than ever before.
Finally, the European continent was to an extent divided between two zones of differential development.
Changes such as the Industrial Revolution and political liberalization spread first and fastest in western Europe—Britain, France, the Low CountriesScandinavia, and, to an extent, Germany and Italy. Eastern and southern Europe, more rural at the outset of the period, changed more slowly and in somewhat different ways.
Europe witnessed important common patterns and increasing interconnections, but these developments must be assessed in terms of nation-state divisions and, even more, of larger regional differences.
Some trends, including the ongoing impact of the French Revolution, ran through virtually the entire 19th century. Other characteristics, however, had a shorter life span. Some historians prefer to divide 19th-century history into relatively small chunks.
Thus, — is defined by the French Revolution and Napoleon; —48 forms a period of reaction and adjustment; —71 is dominated by a new round of revolution and the unifications of the German and Italian nations; and —, an age of imperialism, is shaped by new kinds of political debate and the pressures that culminated in war.
Overriding these important markers, however, a simpler division can also be useful. Between and Europe dealt with the forces of political revolution and the first impact of the Industrial Revolution.
Between and a fuller industrial society emerged, including new forms of states and of diplomatic and military alignments. The midth century, in either formulation, looms as a particularly important point of transition within the extended 19th century.During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Britain experienced change in all aspects of life, as a result of the Industrial Revolution.
Scientific advances and technological innovations brought growth in agricultural and industrial production, economic expansion and changes in living conditions, while at the same time there was a new sense of . The Industrial Revolution, which took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban.
Start studying 19th Century Industrial Revolution. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. As the American Industrial Revolution advanced, metallurgists would develop alloys making steel (another 19th-century innovation) even stronger, allowing for construction of the first skyscraper in in Chicago.
The biggest impact of the Industrial Revolution on 19th cent architecture was the mass-production of iron and later steel in quantities where it became an economically plausible building material (as opposed a limited material for weapons and tools).
This magical material, steel, was a game changer in architecture. The transition from an agricultural to an industrial economy took more than a century in the United States, but that long development entered its first phase from the s through the s.
The Industrial Revolution had begun in Britain during the midth century, but the American colonies lagged far behind the mother country in part because the abundance of land and scarcity of labor in.