In this activity, students will see and read about the differences in food manufacturing practices before and after the new food laws passed in
Overview The period of US history from the s to the s is usually referred to as the Progressive Era, an era of intense social and political reform aimed at making progress toward a better society. Progressive Era reformers sought to harness the power of the federal government to eliminate unethical and unfair business practices, reduce corruption, and counteract the negative social effects of industrialization.
During the Progressive Era, protections for workers and consumers were strengthened, and women finally achieved the right to vote.
The problems of industrialization Though industrialization in the United States raised Progressive era laws effects of living for many, it had a dark side. Factory workers, many of them recent immigrants, were frequently subjected to brutal and perilous working and living conditions.
Political corruption enriched politicians at the expense of the lower and working classes, who struggled to make ends meet. Progressive reformers sought to regulate private industry, strengthen protections for workers and consumers, expose corruption in both government and big business, and generally improve society.
Political cartoon criticizing the "robber barons" of industry for profiting off of workers who were poorly paid and subjected to harsh conditions.
Puck magazine, February Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons. The ideology and politics of progressivism The worldview of Progressive reformers was based on certain key assumptions.
The first was that human nature could be improved through the enlightened application of regulations, incentives, and punishments. The second key assumption was that the power of the federal government could be harnessed to improve the individual and transform society.
These two assumptions were not shared by political conservatives, who tended to believe that human nature was unchanging, and that the federal government should remain limited in size and scope.
Progressive reformers successfully influenced the passage of much substantive legislation, including several amendments to the US Constitution.
The Sixteenth Amendment established a federal income tax, the Seventeenth Amendment allowed for the direct election of Senators, the Eighteenth Amendment prohibited sales of alcohol, and the Nineteenth Amendment guaranteed women the right to vote. Legislation aimed at strengthening protections for workers and consumers included the Pure Food and Drug Act ofwhich created the Food and Drug Administration to guarantee the safety and purity of all food products and pharmaceuticals, and the Clayton Antitrust Act ofwhich sought to curb business practices aimed at stifling competition.
The Wilson administration, for instance, despite its embrace of modernity and progress, pursued a racial agenda that culminated in the segregation of the federal government. Federal immigration policies in the Progressive Era, including the Immigration Act of and the National Quota Law ofseverely limited immigration based on nationality, and excluded virtually all Asian immigrants.
Eugenics was based on a racial and class hierarchy that placed white, Anglo-Saxon Protestants at the top. Lower classes, ethnic minorities, recent immigrants, the mentally ill, and the developmentally disabled all occupied lower rungs on this hierarchy.
Inthe United States became the first country to pass a compulsory sterilization law. How would you describe the Progressive worldview?What were some effects of the Progressive Movement? Politically: party primaries, decline of machine politics, votes for women, split in republican party Socially: laws protecting the workers, settlement houses and social work, birth control for women, beginning of civil rights movement for African Americans the Progressive Era wasn't.
The Progressive Era is a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States that spanned from the s to the s.
The main objectives of the Progressive movement were eliminating problems caused by industrialization, urbanization, immigration, and political corruption. Students will be reminded that muckraking during the Progressive Era, by reformers like Upton Sinclair, brought harmful food manufacturing practices to Americans' attention.
Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act in The nation's problems regarding the economy, racism, immigration and labor unrest following WW1 heralded the end of the progressive movement and the Progressive Era.
Warren Harding, the Republican candidate called for a return to 'normalcy' and the simpler way of . Transcript of Child Labor During the Progressive Era. Child Labor During the Progressive Era Results of Child Labor child labor resulted in injuries, death finally people started to notice the effects on children efforts were made towards child labor laws.
What caused, or brought about a need for, a Progressive Era? Two specific causes include: Agricultural depression early in the s and financial and industrial depression began in The growth of cities and industries, plus urbanization, contributed.