The Parthenon on top of the AcropolisAthensGreece Architecture is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. Architectural design usually must address both feasibility and cost for the builderas well as function and aesthetics for the user. Table of architecture, CyclopaediaIn modern usage, architecture is the art and discipline of creating, or inferring an implied or apparent plan of, a complex object or system. The term can be used to connote the implied architecture of abstract things such as music or mathematicsthe apparent architecture of natural things, such as geological formations or the structure of biological cellsor explicitly planned architectures of human-made things such as softwarecomputersenterprisesand databasesin addition to buildings.
Antitheatricality Starting in the 6th century BC, the Classical period of performing art began in Greeceushered in by the tragic poets such as Sophocles. These poets wrote plays which, in some cases, incorporated dance see Euripides.
The Hellenistic period began the widespread use of comedy. However, by the 6th century AD, Western performing arts had been largely ended, as the Dark Ages began. Between the 9th century and 14th century, performing art in the West was limited to religious historical enactments and morality playsorganized by the Church in celebration of holy days and other important events.
Renaissance In the 15th century performing arts, along with the arts in general, saw a revival as the Renaissance began in Italy and spread throughout Europe plays, Performing arts of which incorporated dance, which were performed and Domenico da Piacenza credited with the first use of the term ballo in De Arte Saltandi et Choreas Ducendi instead of danza dance for his baletti or balli.
The term eventually became Ballet. Commedia dell'arte troupe on a wagon, by Jan MielBy the midth century Commedia Dell'arte became popular in Europe, introducing the use of improvisation.
This period also introduced the Elizabethan masquefeaturing music, dance and elaborate costumes as well as Performing arts theatrical companies in England. William Shakespeare 's plays in the late 16th century developed from this new class of professional Performing arts.
Inthe first operaDafne was performed and throughout the 17th century, opera would rapidly become the entertainment of choice for the aristocracy in most of Europe, and eventually for large numbers of people living in cities and towns throughout Europe.
Modern Era[ edit ] The introduction of the proscenium arch in Italy during the 17th century established the traditional theatre form that persists to this day.
Meanwhile, in England, the Puritans forbade acting, bringing a halt to performing arts that lasted until After that, women began to appear in both French and English plays.
The French introduced a formal dance instruction in the late 17th century. It is also during this time that the first plays were performed in the American Colonies.
During the 18th century, the introduction of the popular opera buffa brought opera to the masses as an accessible form of performance. At the turn of the 19th century, Beethoven and the Romantic movement ushered in a new era that led first to the spectacles of grand opera and then to the musical dramas of Giuseppe Verdi and the Gesamtkunstwerk total work of art of the operas of Richard Wagner leading directly to the music of the 20th century.
The 19th century was a period of growth for the performing arts for all social classes, technical advances such as the introduction of gaslight to theatres, burlesqueminstrel dancing, and variety theatre. In ballet, women make great progress in the previously male-dominated art.
Isadora Duncanone of the developers of free dance. Modern dance began in the late 19th century and early 20th century in response to the restrictions of traditional ballet.
Konstantin Stanislavski 's "System" revolutionized acting in the early 20th century, and continues to have a major influence on actors of stage and screen to the current day.
Both impressionism and modern realism were introduced to the stage during this period. It is extremely complex.
With the invention of the motion picture in the late 19th century by Thomas Edison and the growth of the motion picture industry in Hollywood in the early 20th century, film became a dominant performance medium throughout the 20th and 21st centuries.
Rhythm and bluesa cultural phenomenon of black America, became to prominence in the early 20th century; influencing a range of later popular music styles internationally. In the s Jean Rosenthal introduced what would become modern stage lightingchanging the nature of the stage as the Broadway musical became a phenomenon in the United States.
Post-War performance[ edit ] Post-World War II performing arts were highlighted by the resurgence of both ballet and opera in the Western world. Modern street theatre performance in La Chaux-de-Fonds Postmodernism in performing arts dominated the s to large extent.
History of Eastern performing arts[ edit ] Middle East[ edit ] The earliest recorded theatrical event dates back to BC with the passion plays of Ancient Egypt. This story of the god Osiris was performed annually at festivals throughout the civilization, marking the known beginning of a long relationship between theatre and religion.
The most popular forms of theater in the medieval Islamic world were puppet theatre which included hand puppets, shadow plays and marionette productions and live passion plays known as ta'ziya, where actors re-enact episodes from Muslim history.
Live secular plays were known as akhraja, recorded in medieval adab literature, though they were less common than puppetry and ta'ziya theater.The Department of Performing Arts' undergraduate and graduate programs encompass a core liberal arts curriculum, promote civic engagement, and demand that .
Bachelor of Fine Arts - Performing Arts.
This demanding program focuses on foundational work in all performance areas. You'll be immersed in acting, musical theatre, singing, dance, improv and stage combat, while also learning how to navigate the entertainment industry.
performing arts - arts or skills that require public performance musical performance - the act of performing music dancing, terpsichore, dance, saltation - taking a series of . Delve into the world of performing arts and enjoy never-before-seen ° experiences #StepOnStage.
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The Alaska Center for Performing Arts offers great theater productions in music, dance and theatre from a wide variety of performers. View our event calendar and get information about events at Alaska's premier performing arts center.