These ships departed from Kronstadt on 18 May and arrived at Murmansk on 5 August. Another destroyer, another patrol boat, another submarine, and two minesweepers joined the flotilla at Soroka in September On May 11,the fleet entered its current form when it was renamed to the Northern FleetSevernyy flot. By Junethe fleet included 8 destroyers, 15 submarines, 2 torpedo boats, 7 patrol boats, 2 minesweepers, and airplanes.
It was nominally a union of national republics, but its government. Inthe communists were victorious, forming the Soviet Union with the unification of the Russian, Transcaucasian, Ukrainian, following Lenins death ina collective leadership and a brief power struggle, Joseph Stalin came to power in the mids.
Stalin suppressed all opposition to his rule, committed the state ideology to Marxism—Leninism. As a result, the country underwent a period of rapid industrialization and collectivization which laid the foundation for its victory in World War II and postwar dominance of Eastern Europe.
Soviet war casualties accounted for the highest proportion of the conflict in the effort of acquiring the upper hand over Axis forces at battles such as Stalingrad. Soviet forces eventually captured Berlin inthe territory overtaken by the Red Army became satellite states of the Eastern Bloc.
Following Stalins death ina period of political and economic liberalization, known as de-Stalinization and Khrushchevs Thaw, the country developed rapidly, as millions of peasants were moved into industrialized cities. In the mids, the last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, sought to reform and liberalize the economy through his policies of glasnost.
The goal was to preserve the Communist Party while reversing the economic stagnation, the Cold War ended during his tenure, and in Soviet satellite countries in Eastern Europe overthrew their respective communist regimes. It failed, with Russian President Boris Yeltsin playing a role in facing down the coup.
On 25 DecemberGorbachev resigned and the twelve constituent republics emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union as independent post-Soviet states 2. Russia — Russia, also officially the Russian Federation, is a country in Eurasia.
The European western part of the country is more populated and urbanised than the eastern. Russias capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world, other urban centers include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a range of environments.
It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk, the East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD.
Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, in it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus ultimately disintegrated into a number of states, most of the Rus lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion.
The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the worlds first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space.
By the end ofthe Soviet Union had the second largest economy, largest standing military in the world. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic, the Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in Russias extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the producers of oil.
The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction, Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower.
The name Russia is derived from Rus, a state populated mostly by the East Slavs. In order to distinguish this state from other states derived from it, it is denoted as Kievan Rus by modern historiography, an old Latin version of the name Rus was Ruthenia, mostly applied to the western and southern regions of Rus that were adjacent to Catholic Europe.
There are two Russian words which are translated into English as Russians 3. The regular Russian Navy was established by Peter the Great in Octoberascribed to Peter I is the oft quoted statement, A ruler that has but an army has one hand, but he who has a navy has both.
The symbols of the Russian Navy, the St. However, the Russian Navy itself does not use this convention, a rearmament program approved in placed the development of the navy on an equal footing with the strategic nuclear forces for the first time in Soviet and Russian history.
This program, covering the period untilexpected to see the replacement of 45 percent of the inventory of the Russian Navy, out of 4. Another setback is attributed to Russias domestic shipbuilding industry which is reported to have been in decline as to their capabilities of constructing contemporary hardware efficiently, some analysts even say that because of this Russias naval capabilities have been facing a slow but certain irreversible collapse.
The origins of the Russian navy may be traced to the period between the 4th and the 6th century, the first Slavic flotillas consisted of small sailing ships and rowboats, which had been seaworthy and able to navigate in riverbeds.
During the 9th through 12th centuries, there were flotillas in the Kievan Rus consisting of hundreds of vessels with one, riverine vessels in 9th century Kievan Rus guarded trade routes to Constantinople. The citizens of Novgorod are known to have conducted military campaigns in the Baltic Sea —although contemporary Scandinavian sources state that the fleet was from Karelia or Estonia, ladya was a typical boat used by the army of Novgorod.
There were also smaller sailboats and rowboats, such as ushkuys for sailing in rivers, lakes and skerries, kochis, during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Cossacks conducted military campaigns against the Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Empire, using sailboats and rowboats.
The Don Cossacks called them strugs and these boats were capable of transporting up to 80 men. The Cossack flotillas numbered 80 to boats, the centralized Russian state had been fighting for its own access to the Baltic Sea, Black Sea and Sea of Azov since the 17th Century.
By the end of century, the Russians had accumulated some valuable experience in using riverboats together with land forces. Under Tsar Mikhail Feodorovich, the construction of the first three-masted ship to be entirely within Russia was finished in She was built in Balakhna by Danish shipbuilders from Holstein with a European design, inthey built a gun ship, the Oryol, a yacht, a boat with a mast and bowsprit, and a few rowboats.
Unquestionably the most celebrated Russian explorer was Semyon Dezhnev, who, inrounding the Chukotsk Peninsula, Dezhnev passed through the Bering Sea and sailed into the Pacific Ocean.Naval Museum of the Northern Fleet was opened October 16, in the building of the House of officers of the city of Murmansk.
The first exposition of “Defense of the Soviet Arctic during the Great Patriotic War year – ” was opened.
Jun 09, · Severomorsk. Russian Northern Fleet After the NATO Summit. In Russia, June 1 marks the Day of the Northern fleet, a union of the Russian Navy, . The Northern Fleet is the largest of the four Russian naval fleets.
It differs from the Baltic and Black Sea Fleets in that it (like the Pacific Fleet) has operated nuclear-powered vessels for more than forty years. * Please note that the average fleet age is based on our own calculations and may differ from actual figures!
Only supported aircraft types that are active with this airline are included in the calculations. Please refer to the current fleet list to . Northern, the trading name of Arriva Rail North, is a train operating company in Northern England.A subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains, it began operating the Northern franchise on 1 April and inherited units from the previous operator Northern Rail.
Naval Museum of the Northern Fleet (formerly the Museum of the Red Banner Northern Fleet) – was opened in in Murmansk, exposition presents the history of the Northern Fleet as well as its revolutionary and military traditions.