For example, the economy in the South was heavily dependent on agriculture and farming. Thus, many people worked on large plantations to grow crops.
Visit Website Did you know? As the Union and Confederate armies camped across the Rappahannock River from each other in the winter ofbands on both sides played the popular ballad "Home Sweet Home. Beforenew volunteer regiments usually included a regimental band; when the proliferation of bands became too unwieldy, many regimental bands were dismissed, but some survived, or were replaced by brigade bands to serve a larger contingent of troops.
The Role of Newspapers With the invention of the telegraph and a better mechanical printing pressthe newspaper business had begun to explode in the years leading up to the Civil War.
Bythe country could boast some 2, publications, many of them published weekly or daily. Widespread use of the telegraph meant that war-related news reached Americans across the country, in both rural and urban areas, in an extremely short time.
The Civil War would become the most well-reported conflict in history: Reporters traveling with the armies sent dispatches directly from the field, and many soldiers wrote letters for their hometown newspapers.
In addition, mass-produced newspapers were selling for just a penny, enabling them to reach a much greater audience than ever before. In addition to straight reporting, newspapers particularly pictorial ones published a wide variety of political cartoons.
By satirizing controversial leaders, celebrating victories and laying blame for defeats, the cartoons became an integral part of how many Americans processed the staggering events of the war.
Wartime Photography The Civil War was also the first major conflict in history to be extensively photographed. Like newspapers reporters, photographers went into army camps and onto the field of battle to capture images of wartime life and death.
Mathew Bradywho by had built a successful career taking daguerreotype photographs of politicians, authors, actors and other famous figures, decided to make a complete record of the war.
Hiring a staff of photographers including Alexander Gardner and Timothy H. He got behind the camera himself on only a few occasions notably at Bull Run, Antietam and Gettysburg but generally refused to give his staff individual credit for their photos. Photography in the war years was a difficult and cumbersome process.
Photographers transported their heavy equipment in wagons, and were often forced to develop the images in makeshift darkrooms inside those same wagons.
Confederate and Union Money Of all the disadvantages the Confederacy experienced during the Civil War, its lack of a sound currency was particularly damaging.
In addition, the South never developed an adequate system of taxation and was unable to produce what it needed or export the goods it did produce, due to the increasingly effective Union blockade of the Atlantic coast. By comparison, the North had relatively little trouble financing the war effort.
Congress passed the Internal Revenue Act ofwhich included the first personal income tax in American history; the new Internal Revenue Board began collecting taxes the following year.
The value of these greenbacks rose and fell throughout the war, but they did provide enough currency for circulation. The National Bank Act provided additional stability by establishing a national banking system, which gave the country a federal currency for the first time.How was life in the South before the Civil War?
You were the head of your family and were in charge of making the money. If you were a married woman, you worked around this house, not farm, and raised the children. If you were a son, you helped your father work and ran errands for him.
How did the economies of the North and South differ. Life in the South during the Civil War was even more difficult than in the North.
The Union had blockaded many of the ports of the South, causing shortages of food and other items that people needed.
Also, most of the war took place in the South. Before the war, the South’s economy had been based almost strictly on agriculture, mainly cotton, tobacco, and sugar, and all these industries suffered, especially cotton.
Southern cotton production in was half what it was in Family Life during the Civil War. Contributed by Amy Murrell Taylor. Family life in Virginia and across the South suffered devastating effects during the American Civil War (–). Few households, whether slave or free, or located in the Tidewater, Piedmont, or mountainous Southwest, could remain insulated from a war fought on their lands and in their towns.
Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners. Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in.
Most of the fighting during the American Civil War took place on Southern soil.
In part, this was the result of the war strategies of both sides. To win the war, the South had only to survive. On the other hand, for the North to win, the Union had to be restored.
Thus, Union forces had to conquer.