Relationship Between Environment and Economic Growth!
Development free to read Siddharth Singh Advertisements: In the first flush of Independence, the top-most priority of the nation was bringing the light of knowledge and prom. It was necessary to provide water for drinking and irrigation as well as electricity to run the engines of development.
Ambitious schemes of hydroelectric power and irrigation dams were launched to obtain affordable power and irrigation for the masses.
In the process, the mountainous and forest regions underwent massive upheavals to give way to underground tunnels, huge water reservoirs and long roads. While a very large number of people benefited from the irrigation, drinking water and electricity, substantial population of hill and tribal people, who drew their sustenance from their immediate hilly and forest environment, were displaced and underwent considerable hardship.
The arrangements made for their rehabilitation came a cropper because of bureaucratic apathy and red-tapism. Many of these dams, constructed in ecologically fragile areas caused considerable damage to the soil and also created salinity and ravines.
Moved by the pitiable plight of the hill and tribal people, some people took up their cause. They launched movements for protecting the interests of these vulnerable people and by implication the cause of protection of the environment.
Two of the better known movements are 'Chipko Andolan' - preventing cutting of forest trees - and the Narmada Bachao Andolan - the movement to save the people living in the valley of river Narmada. While the first three decades after independence have been characterised by an unrelenting demand for expansion of irrigation facilities, water supply, chemical fertilizers and electricity for developing agriculture, industry and thereby the general living standards of the masses, the last two decade have witnessed a growing stridency on the part of environmentalists seeking preservation of the flora and fauna and the protection of the ecologically fragile habitations of the hill and tribal people of the mountainous and forest regions.
The protagonists of development can naturally depend on the political support and the pressure group of industry and business selling machines and material needed for lining the irrigation channels, energising the tubewells and improving the productivity of agriculture, the environmentalists derive their strength from the poor hill and tribal folk living in a symbiotic relationship with their immediate environment and to some extent from the unorganised and silent citizenry frightened by the hazy but certain prospects of environmental degradation due to denudation of hills, erosion of land and salinity of river basins.
In india, the environmental issues have assumed an urgency following the entry in the field of environment - movements of the celebrities like Arundhati Roy, the Booker Prize winner, whose recent book The Great Common Good has generated great concern among the intelligentsia of the country.
The 'Development Versus Environment' controversy has caught the popular imagination because nobody can remain completely untouched by either the economic development or its environmental implications. Closure of hundreds of industrial units in Delhi by the order of the Supreme Court has been lauded by the white collar workers of Delhi as they may be saved to some extent from the atmospheric pollution caused by the industrial units.
It has, however, cast a long shadow of fear, anxiety and uncertainty on the lives of thousands of people who had so long been deriving their sustenance from this industry and attendant business.
Government plans for relocation of these industrial units in another area have come a cropper. Very few people are inclined to accept an uncertain future in another place and some of them still nurse the hope that the political parties may be able to ward off their shifting.
The most spectacular and dramatic battle between the votaries of the Environment and the government is being fought in the areas affected by the construction of the Sardar Sarovar Dam in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
The high watermark of this drama was witnessed when the police tried to arrest the Environment activist leader Medha Patkar standing in the knee water deep water submerging the area affected by the Dam in Madhya Pradesh in the summer of She was, at the time leading a big group of Dam-affected people who had refused to shift from their land to the land provided by the government for the rehabilitation of the displaced persons.
The group seemed convinced that their displacement will destroy them physically and mentally as they were ill-expected to ensure for themselves a living in their proposed habitat.
Their main support, cattle, cannot be sustained by the infertile and arid land of the proposed settlement. The protagonists of development reel out statistics of alternative land sites made available to displaced persons as also of the monetary compensation paid to the displaced persons so as to enable them to take up self-employment The specialised government agencies set up to help the displaced persons are reputed to be seized of their problems and are ready to redress their grievances.
Few, however, would buy this argument. Public dealings with the government agencies hardly inspire any confidence. The displaced persons, who are generally resourceless, would not be able to grease the palms of petty officials for getting their work done.
They have legitimate fear of being left high and dry once they leave their original habitat. It is a common experience that the beneficiaries of irrigation, water supply and power made available by construction of dams live in areas quite far away from the dam sites and have not to suffer any of the inconveniences that fall to the lot of the displaced persons.
The occupational alternatives appear all right on project reports but their realisation in actual practice is rare and is generally fraught with uncertainties Environmentalists are not opposed to development per-se.The Relationship Between Economic Growth and Social Development Economic growth and social development are complementary and close relationship constraints.
However, with economic growth, it is clear that there are many environmental concerns in today’s metin2sell.com://metin2sell.com Home > Articles + Blog > Why Climate Change Isn’t Our Biggest Environmental Problem, and Why Technology Won’t Save Us.
· "Environmental protection as a priority stems from affluence," Paque said. "For us, it only started in the s, no earlier. In China, it's only just beginning, and it will take a little longer metin2sell.com · Brazil is an ideal candidate to represent the construction of a country’s profile on the relationship between economic development and environmental degradation.
It has energy and environmental characteristics of global importance and is the fifth most populous country in the metin2sell.com://metin2sell.com · The sustainable development approach claims to be able to avoid the environmental degradation that has previously accompanied economic growth by integrating economic and environmental decisions.
For most governments this means incorporating the environment into the economic metin2sell.com This paper argues on both theoretical and empirical grounds that, beyond a certain point, there is an unavoidable conflictbetween economic development (generally taken to mean 'materialeconomic growth') and environmental metin2sell.com://metin2sell.com
· A Short Guide to Environmental protection and sustainable development July Overview Protecting the and sustainable development Environmental protection is aimed at maintaining (and recovering when necessary) a as economic affairs is related to agriculture,metin2sell.com The paper analyses the concept of sustainable development that has determined the society to recognize and become aware of the importance of environmental factors as well as of the functions and services that the environment metin2sell.com://metin2sell.com The Relationship Between Economic Growth and Social Development Economic growth and social development are complementary and close relationship constraints. However, with economic growth, it is clear that there are many environmental concerns in today’s metin2sell.com://metin2sell.com