Still, some vocabulary was general currency. It was not the only term used:
Two Centuries of Internment and Torture Book: Inside America's Concentration Camps: Two Centuries of Internment and Torture, review no. It is all too easy to slip into the comfortable approach of examining events in isolation, when they are in fact but one more example of how a nation has failed to learn from the mistakes of its past.
Dickerson reminds us of the fact that people have been locked up without trial for centuries, drawing comparisons between the treatment of Native Americans in the 18th and 19th centuries, those of Japanese ancestry including American citizens born to one or more Japanese parent during the Second World War, and concludes his tour of American history with modern-day Immigration and Naturalization Service INS detention centres and the infamous camp at Guantanamo Bay.
Dickerson has written a range of non-fiction books and has worked as writer and journalist since leaving his first profession of social work.
Of course, concentration camps did exist at other times, and Dickerson has done well to draw the corresponding ties of history together between the periods he discusses in his latest offering. There can be no doubt to the seriousness with which Dickerson has applied himself to the subject, as the extensive bibliography demonstrates.
Unless the common man or woman is aware of the threats, there is little that can be done to change the pattern which America appears to have fallen into. However, where Dickerson fails is when he embarks upon a journalistic flow and fails to truly make his points clear.
To take an example from the middle section of the book, where he is focussing on the internment of those of Japanese ancestry living in the United States, Dickerson discusses the benevolent attitude of Governor Carr of Colorado towards the internees.
In fact, internees from all of the ten internment camps were able to undertake paid agricultural work outside camps subject to vetting procedures and demand from local farmers, and students from all camps were able to obtain permanent leave from internment if they could secure a place at an American college outside of the West Coast exclusion zone.
While some camps were run more effectively and inspired a more positive experience of internment, all camps had their various difficulties and problems. However, the treatment of those of Japanese ancestry in Colorado was certainly more positive than in some other states.
When you look at U. This is a bold statement, to say the least. An argument that is perhaps somewhat justified by the desire for Native American land that led to the banishment of Native Americans westwards, the desire for Japanese farming land that contributed to their exclusion from the West Coast during the Second World War, and perhaps even in the treatment of immigrants held in INS centres who Americans fear might flood the employment market.
Dickerson does well to compare the stockades into which Indians were forced, prior to relocation, to internment camps.
However, arguing that reservations were also in reality internment camps is perhaps a stretch too far p. Internment camps specifically relate to the detention of enemy aliens during times of war or to the detention of terrorist suspects. Internees are held within confined areas and threatened with the prospect of death if they try to escape.
Reservations, while of a limiting nature, are not guarded in the same way as an internment camp, and any comparison of this nature should be undertaken with great care and reference to the existing historiography surrounding internment.
While the basic point the author makes regarding the internment of Native Americans is sound, his exaggerated use of terminology does not serve to strengthen his argument. Much has been written regarding the treatment of those of Japanese ancestry in America, but Dickerson manages to cover not only this topic but also the internment of Germans and Italians, an often overlooked story.
Those of Japanese ancestry were rounded up indiscriminately, unlike the Germans and Italians whose cases were individually considered. This is not to say, however, that hardships were not also suffered by members of the German or Italian communities.
Dickerson tells the moving story of two young girls whose German parents were taken away by the FBI without any regard for what might happen to the children.
This is but one heart-rending example included in the book. Dickerson also does not forget the plight of South American Japanese, who were deported to the United States and held in custody for the duration of the war, and in many cases, for several years after.
There is also a distinct focus on the way that children were affected, either by their own internment, or by the internment of close family members. Dickerson also notes the difference between the treatment of German prisoners of war in the South and the treatment of those of Japanese ancestry.
Ironically, the POWs were often better treated than the Japanese Americans, despite the fact the Japanese Americans were citizens of the United States and had never embarked upon sabotage or fought against America.
After the war it was discovered that not one single person of Japanese ancestry was found guilty of espionage, making a mockery of the entire internment fiasco. Significantly, Dickerson also mentions Camp Ontario, where 1, Jewish refugees were sent and lived under various restrictions on their freedom until the end of the war.
After the war there was some debate as to whether the refugees should be allowed to remain in the United States or whether they should be deported.During the 19th century, the United States gained much more land in the West and began to become industrialized.
In , several states in the South left the United States to start a new country called the Confederate States of America. This caused the American Civil War.
After the war, Immigration resumed. HISTORY AND COMPARISONS OF MAJOR RELIGIONS. OUTLINES OF MAJOR AND MINOR RELIGIONS almost two centuries ago. and they took the New Testament as their rule of faith and practice. were written down by his followers.
Confucianism, which grew out of a tumultuous time in Chinese history, stresses the relationship between . There is a significant difference between American History and World History. American History is the study of the history of the United States. It focuses on the development of our country from the days we were colonies of Great Britain to current times.
The American Revolution – to , from social change to ratification of the Constitution First Barbary War – U.S. policies from s to , and Marines to the shores of Tripoli The French in the mids – monarchy, church, class, economy. Mar 15, · Jackson was the first American elected president who was not part of the Eastern elite Comparing Two Pugnacious Populists, Two Centuries Apart.
Order Reprints A History of Presidents. In the U.S., 53% say belief in God is a prerequisite for being moral and having good values, much higher than the 23% in Australia and 15% in France, according to our study of 39 nations between and